General Information

The Civil Aviation Agency (CAA) is the competent authority for flight crew licensing involving the conduct of theoretical and practical exams, and issue of licences.

Flight crew licences are issued in accordance with the regulations of the European Union (EASA Part-FCL). National authorizations, however, are issued according to national legislation (e.g. pilots of ultralight flying devices, parachutists, paragliders, hang-gliders etc.).

The licences issued in accordance with Part-FCL are recognised in all EASA Member States, and countries that operate on the basis of international agreements with the European Union.

Mutual recognition allows the pilots to operate an aircraft registered in an EU member state with an EASA licence issued by any member state of the European Union. In addition, a flight crew licence may be transferred to another EASA Member State without additional requirements.

The pilots operating flying devices other than paragliders, hang-gliders and parachutes registered in the Republic of Slovenia shall hold an authorization issued by the CAA of the Republic of Slovenia. To operate a flying device registered in another state, a pilot needs to obtain the authorization of that state. Mutual recognition of national licences between countries is subject to bilateral arrangements.


PART-FCL LICENCES

Flight crew licences issued in accordance with Part-FCL of the Regulation (EU) No 1178/2011 are divided into private or sports licences (LAPL, PPL, SPL, BPL) and professional licences (CPL, MPL, ATPL).

A licence is issued when a candidate has passed the appropriate theoretical exams at an approved training organization and CAA, and practical skill tests with an examiner.

General conditions for obtaining a Part-FCL licence are:

  1. Medical examination
    • Class 1 medical examination is normally required for professional pilots, while a sport pilot licence requires a Class 2 medical certificate (or LAPL for LAPL licences).
    • The health standards that need to be met by licence holders are prescribed in Part-MED (Annex 4 of Regulation (EU) No 1178/2011). Health conditions, such as asthma, diabetes and colour vision impairment may prevent the issue of a medical certificate.
    • It is recommended to undergo medical examination prior to starting practical training. The medical certificate is a requirement for a student pilot to perform his first solo flight.
    • If for any reason a pilot does not meet the requirements for the extension or renewal of the medical certificate, a pilot shall not exercise privileges of the flight crew licence.
  2. Theoretical training and testing
    • Training courses for Part-FCL licences are provided by approved training organizations (ATO).
    • Candidates have to complete theoretical training and pass internal tests before applying to the CAA for theoretical exams.
    • The scope of theoretical exams depends on the licence category (e.g. private pilots shall pass the examination comprising nine theoretical subjects, while the airline pilots are examined in fourteen subjects).
    • The database of questions for the professional licence (CPL, ATPL) and instrument rating (IR) is provided by the European Central Question Bank (ECQB), and, for private pilots, by the CAA.
    • Question difficulty depends on the licence category.
  3. Practical training
    • The practical training for LAPL, PPL, SPL, BPL, and professional licences (CPL and ATPL theoretical credits) is offered by approved training organisations (ATO).
    • The requirements for each pilot licence are laid down in Part-FCL.
    • The number of training hours required depends also on the actual progress of a student pilot in the ATO.
  4. Practical exams (skill tests and proficiency checks)
    • Skill tests for each licence or rating are performed with the approved examiners, using official checklists prepared by the CAA. The practical examination (skill test or proficiency check) assesses knowledge and skills before the appropriate flight crew licence can be issued. The examiners for each skill test or proficiency check, in case of licence renewal, are approved by the CAA.
    • The skill test shall be taken within the period of validity of the certificate of theoretical exams.
  5. Language proficiency and aviation phraseology
    • A Part-FCL licence shall contain a language endorsement (language proficiency level). Slovenian citizens need the English language endorsement for IFR flights and flights outside the Slovenian borders.
    • In addition to language proficiency, a Radiotelephony (phraseology) endorsement is required to perform radiotelephone communications in that language.
    • The knowledge of standard aviation phraseology in English is a prerequisite for IFR flights, flights in the controlled airspace and international operations.
    • If an applicant for the English language endorsement takes the test in another country, additional verification by the CAA is required prior to the issue of the endorsement.



The following table presents a brief overview of licences granted by the CAA in accordance with Regulation (EU) No 1178/2011.

 

LAPL

SPL

BPL

PPL

CPL

ATPL

Category of Aircraft

(A) / (H) / (S) / (B)

(S)

(B)

(A) / (H) / (As)

(A) / (H) / (As)

(A) / (H)

Minimum Age

17 years

16 years

16 years

17 years

18 years

21 years

Medical Certificate

Class LAPL

Class 2

Class 2

Class 2

Class 1

Class 1

Privileges of the Licence

Non-commercial sports flying of aircraft up to 2000 kg or class A balloons (up to 3400 m³)

Non-commercial flying unless a holder obtains the privilege for the conduct of commercial operations

Non-commercial flying unless a holder obtains the privilege for the conduct of commercial operations

Non-commercial sports flying; flight training for remuneration is allowed.

Commercial flying as PIC in single-pilot operations (e.g. aerial work,   panoramic flights), and as a co-pilot in multi-pilot operations

Commercial flying as PIC inair transportation

Training Organisation

ATO

ATO

ATO

ATO

ATO

/

Language Endorsement

Aeroplane, helicopter, powered-lift and airship pilots required to use the radio telephone shall not exercise the privileges of their licences and ratings unless they have a language proficiency endorsement on their licence in either English or the language used for radio communications involved in the flight. The endorsement shall indicate the language, the proficiency level and the validity date.

Age Restriction

Does not exist.

70 years for commercial operations

70 years for commercial operations

Does not exist.

60 years in single-pilot operations

65 years in multi-pilot operations

60 years in single-pilot operations

65 years in multi-pilot operations

Each licence shall include a rating or ratings determining the aircraft a pilot can fly.


NATIONAL AUTHORIZATIONS

The CAA issues, renews and extends national authorizations which are regulated by national rules and regulations. In addition to pilot licences, the CAA issues the flight dispatcher licence.
The training of pilots for the acquisition of national authorizations is performed by flight schools, or authorised instructor in case of paragliders and hang-gliders.

 

Ultralight aircraft

Paragliders and Hang- gliders

Parachutists

Flight Dispatchers

Minimum Age

17 years

16 years

16 years

21 years

Medical Certificate

Motor vehicle driver’s licence or medical certificate for pilots ( Part-MED)

Motor vehicle driver’s licence

LAPL medical certificate with ECG, or Class 2 or 1 medical certificate

Medical certificate of other staff

Privileges, Authorizations

Sports flying, flight training, aerial work

Sports flying, flight training and commercial operations (tandem)

Sports flying, flight training and commercial operations (tandem)

Preparation of flights in air operation

Training Providers

Flight school

Authorised flight instructors

Flight school

Aviation school

Flying Device

UL airplane

UL helicopter

UL sailplane

Powered paraglider trike

Powered hang-glider and hang-glider trike

Paraglider, hang-glider

Flying devices for tandem paragliding and hang-gliding

Powered paraglider


Parachute, 

tandem parachute


Does not exist

Age Limitation

Does not exist.

Does not exist.

Does not exist.

Does not exist.